Not a long time ago, people still believed that sleep loss has no negative effect on health. However, recent researches showed that more than just excessive day time sleepiness (EDS), sleep loss can cause a lot more troubles.
If you have less than 7 hours of sleep per night, a wide range of problems can occur to the cardiovascular, endocrine, immune and especially the nervous system. Here are the most common effects of sleep loss on people from children to adult:
This fact may confuse a lot of people. Usually, people think that you will gain weight once you can sleep well. In fact, sleep loss prevents the secret of a hormone called leptin, which suppresses appetite. When you sleep less, appetite increases. This is the reason for obesity in people who suffer from sleep loss. Research also found that people who sleep 7.7 hours per night have the lowest BMI (Body Mass Index).
Two large types of research by two independent associations showed that: people with only 5 or fewer hours of sleep per night will have 2.5 times higher risk of having diabetes in comparison to people who have 7 to 8 hours of sleep. Meanwhile, people who sleep 6 hours per night will have a lower chance, 1.7. However, sleep more than 9 hours a day is not good as it can produce similar effects to people who only sleep 5 or 6 hours per night.
Cardiovascular related diseases
In research deployed in 1986, there were a large number of healthy people who didn’t have any cardiovascular problems. They were tracked in a period of ten years. In 1996, those people have gathered again and check the problem with their heart. The report showed that people who sleep less than 5 hours a day had a 45% higher risk of having cardiovascular problems. Meanwhile, people who have adequate sleep (7 to 8 hours per day) have a lower chance.
Panic attacks, anxiety
Excessive sleep loss can have adverse effects on people’s mental health. Panic, anxiety, depression… As sleep loss makes it harder to concentrate, people will find themselves doing not well at everything. Bad work results, school reports can cause a lot of depression. Lack of sleep also causes brain incapability to provide proper react to situations.